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時間:2022-08-16 來源:本站 點擊:258次

Over 1,200 sickened after eating at wedding in India******

More than 1,200 people were sickened or hospitalized after eating at a wedding in the western Indian state of Gujarat, local media reported Saturday.

The guests, mostly locals, consumed food at the wedding of a local Congress leader's son in the Mehsana district on Friday, about 61 km north of Gandhinagar, the capital city of Gujarat.

The incident triggered panic in the area.

According to a statement issued by the office of the Mehsana collectorate, the patients situation "is improving."

Officials from the forensic science laboratory and the food and drug department have collected samples of the food served at the function and sent them for testing.

Police have registered a case and initiated investigations into the incident.

Coronavirus pandemic in Slovakia cuts number of playable fixtures in basketball premiership******

BRATISLAVA, Nov. 20 (Xinhua) -- The increase in coronavirus infections in Slovakia resulted in several reported cases among the players of different basketball league teams as there were only three matches able to take place in the week.。

MBK Banik Handlova defeated the struggling Iskra Svit 91-83 on Wednesday in a 9th round match and stayed in the middle of the Slovak basketball premiership standings.。

On Friday, Svit managed to put an end to its three-game losing streak, defeating reigning champions the Spis Knights 96-86 while Inter Bratislava also had a reason to celebrate after two losses, outscoring the BKM Lucenec 75-66 in a defense-dominated battle. Enditem。

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US to require vaccines for all border crossers in January******


Cars line up as they wait to cross into the United States from Mexico at the San Ysidro border crossing in San Ysidro, California.。

President Joe Biden will require essential, nonresident travelers crossing United States land borders, such as truck drivers, government and emergency response officials, to be fully vaccinated beginning on January 22, the administration planned to announce.。

A senior administration official said the requirement, which the White House previewed in October, brings the rules for essential travelers in line with those that took effect earlier this month for leisure travelers, when the US reopened its borders to fully vaccinated individuals.。

Essential travelers entering by ferry will also be required to be fully vaccinated by the same date, said the official who spoke on the condition of anonymity.。

The rules pertain to non-US nationals. American citizens and permanent residents may still enter the US regardless of their vaccination status, but face additional testing hurdles because officials believe they more easily contract and spread COVID-19 and in order to encourage them to get a shot.。

The Biden administration pushed back the requirement for essential travelers by more than two months from when it went into effect on November 8 for non-essential visitors to prevent disruptions, particularly among truck drivers who are vital to North American trade. While most cross-border traffic was shut down in the earliest days of the pandemic, essential travelers have been able to transit unimpeded.。

Even with the delay, though, Norita Taylor, spokeswoman for the trucking group Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association, criticized the vaccine requirement, calling it an example of "how unnecessary government mandates can force experienced owner-operators and independent truckers out of business."



Why We Like Sad Songs

On November 19th it came out 30, the new album by Adele. Last month hundreds of millions of people had streamed her first single, Easy on me. This song evokes feelings that are not easy to put into words. But we can perhaps agree that this is a sad song.

阿黛尔的新专辑《30》于11月19日面世了。上个月,数亿人在线收听了她的首发单曲Easy On Me。这首歌唤起了我们难以用语言表达的情感。但我们或许可以同意,这是一首悲伤的歌曲。

It is not a given that we like this kind of music. Sadness is usually a feeling we try to avoid, this kind of music should be depressing and unpleasant to our ears. Instead it attracts us and cheers us up. But why does listening to sad music make us feel so good?


Let’s start with biological theories. When we experience loss firsthand or empathize with the pain of others, our body releases hormones such as prolactin and oxytocin that help us cope with emptiness and pain, because they make us feel calm, comforted and supported.


Perceiving Adele’s pain, or remembering ours, can trigger these chemical reactions within us.


But on this the verdict is not unanimous. According to a study, there is no evidence that sad music causes prolactin levels to rise. Other research, on the other hand, suggests that prolactin and oxytocin help make sad music give us a feeling of well-being.


The psychology of sad music


One of the main reasons we love sad songs is that they “move” us deeply. This experience is sometimes called kama muta, a Sanskrit term that means “moved by love”. Being moved can involve chills, goosebumps, a flood of emotions, heat in the chest and euphoria.

我们喜欢悲伤歌曲的一个关键原因是,它们能深深地“感动”我们。这种体验有时被称为kama muta,这是一个梵文术语,意思是“被爱感动”。人们被歌曲感动时可能会颤栗、起鸡皮疙瘩、情绪泛滥、心口温热和欢欣鼓舞。

But why are we moved? The American writer James Baldwin came to this conclusion: “The things that tormented me most were the very things that united me with all the people who were alive, and all those who had been.” Likewise, commotion can come from suddenly feeling closer to others.

但为什么我们会被感动?美国作家詹姆斯·鲍德温(James Baldwin)认为:“让我最痛苦的事情,恰好也是将我与所有活着的人,以及所有曾经活着的人,联系在一起的事情。”同样,“被感动”可能是因为我们突然感觉与他人更亲近。

This may be why the people most likely to be moved by sad music are also those who have a high level of empathy. Indeed, after listening 30 we could search online for gods reaction video – videos released online showing how people react to TV series, movies, songs – to see how other listeners feel. This allows us to share an emotional experience, and sharing a feeling with a community of people increases the emotion and triggers a sense of belonging and comfort.


A suggestion somehow related to this reasoning is that Adele’s sad music can function as a friend and act as a social surrogate. Sad music can be an imaginary friend who supports and empathizes with us after a loss.


The emotion can also be triggered by the memory of important moments in our life. Adele’s songs are very nostalgic. So in reality it could be nostalgia, and not sadness, the emotion that makes us feel good.


In fact, only 25 percent of people who listen to this genre of music say they feel sad. Others experience different emotions, often related, and most of the time nostalgia: a feeling that contributes to the growth of our sense of social connection, to mitigate the feeling that things do not make sense and to reduce anxiety.


A completely different kind of psychological theory holds that songs like Adele’s are emotional training grounds, safe and controlled spaces where we can explore a simulation of sadness. In short, the emotional equivalent of Neo training with Morpheus in the film Matrix.


Simulated sadness allows us to experience and learn. We can improve our empathy, learn to see things better from the perspective of others, and try to react to sadness, so that we can be a little more prepared when we find ourselves facing a difficult time in our life. These instructive experiences may have evolved to be enjoyable and easier to use.


It is also possible that Adele’s songs are not liked because they are sad or nostalgic, but simply because they are beautiful. Sadness could therefore coincide with beauty. There are those who argue that witnessing virtuous actions or something beautiful can touch us, move us and inspire us.


And then we can take into consideration the cultural aspect: Adele in her songs talks about difficult experiences and helps us to get over it. That’s exactly what tragic art does: it takes the pain, suffering and sadness of the world and gives them meaning. As the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche said: “Who has a because to live can endure almost any come”.

我们也可以从文化层面思考,阿黛尔在她的歌曲中讲述了艰难的经历并帮助我们克服它。这正是悲剧艺术所实现的价值:它带走了世界的痛苦、苦难和悲伤,并赋予它们意义。正如德国哲学家弗里德里希·尼采 (Friedrich Nietzsche) 所说:“一个人知道自己为什么而活,就能忍受任何生活”。

In short, Adele’s songs can have a different meaning for each of us. We listen to sad music when we want to reflect, feel part of a community or relax. We listen to it to experience beauty, to receive comfort or to abandon ourselves to memories.


But what Adele’s songs tell everyone is: you are not alone in your pain. They allow us to feel his pain, to share our suffering and to connect with other people from the past and present. And beauty is contained in the sharing of our humanity.


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